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spic-ca-to: separated

Learn how the bouncing bow will do the work for you!

Relax your right thumb.

Perform a detaché stroke above the string, letting the bow fall onto the string.

You can change speed with bow placement or with height of bounce.

You can change the character by tilting bow from full hair to few hairs.


Keep your right thumb relaxed.

Start a detaché at the frog, then lift the bow at the end of each stroke to play a brush stroke.

Try this closer to the middle.

Play with full hair, and your bow will bounce.


In the middle of the bow, let the bow fall, and lift all fingers except middle finger and thumb. The bow will bounce by itself.

With the same relaxed feeling, but with a complete bow grip, play a detaché motion above the string and let the bow bounce by itself.

Practice this on scales, exercises, and etudes, each note multiple times.


Crossing a string in spiccato is part of the last motion on the old string.

The next stroke starts at the new string level.

Practice this on exercises and etudes with each note multiple times.


Transitions between spiccato and detaché are accomplished by bow placement.

Spiccato is below the middle of the bow.

Detaché is above the middle.


Practice a clean string crossing with a rest.

Use the in-and-out motion of your right elbow to keep the bow straight.

Playing with full hair creates more bounce and short notes.

Playing with a tilted bow creates less bounce and longer, more mello sounds.


Master Classes
Practice string crossing with rests and multiple notes.

Train your arm to reach the new string level as early as possible.



Starling Chamber Orchestra.

Violin, Ga-Yeon Lee

Piano, Sujung Cho

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